What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a specialist field of dentistry which concentrates on straightening a patient’s teeth and correctly aligning their jaws. Each of these elements is important in the overall functionality of your mouth. We need straight teeth and correctly aligned jaws for everyday activities such as eating and chewing.

Should I see an orthodontist or a dentist?

Both dental professionals play an important role in your oral health. Regular visits to your family dentist are essential for overall maintenance of your teeth, such as fixing cavities and monitoring any risk of gingivitis (gum disease). An orthodontist’s skills and expertise are required for orthodontic problems such as crowding, spacing and bite issues.

Orthodontist or a dentist

Common orthodontic problems

Crowding

Crowding

Crowding occurs when your teeth must fight for space in your mouth.

Spacing

Spacing

Spacing occurs when your teeth are unable to fill the space in your mouth.

Over bite

Over bite

These occur when your top teeth sit over the bottom teeth.

Under bite

Under bite

These occur when your bottom teeth sit over the top teeth.